(2004) "Introduction," in James, Henry.

Born in New York City on January 11, 1842, William James was the oldest of the five children of Henry James, Sr., and Mary Walsh James. His oldest brother, Henry James, Jr., the renowned writer of fiction, was followed by two other brothers and a sister. The family frequently moved between America and Europe, the father having inherited an amount of money sufficient to allow him to enjoy the life of an intellectual. While growing up, William had a passion for drawing. Since he wanted to become a painter, the family moved to Newport, Rhode Island in 1860, where William studied with the leading American portraitist, William Morris Hunt. Although he had talent, he gave up this career goal in less than a year. He had decided that it was insufficient for him to do first-rate work. All this is indicative of three things: the family’s remarkable support for his aspirations; his own quest to achieve excellence; and his restless, indecisive difficulty in remaining committed to a career path.

 Merle A. Williams, Henry James and the Philosophical Novel, Cambridge University Press, 1993.

In 1864 the James family moved to Boston, Massachusetts to be near William, who had enrolled first in the Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard and then in the medical school. In 1862 Henry attended , but realised that he was not interested in studying law. He pursued his interest in literature and associated with authors and critics and in Boston and Cambridge, formed lifelong friendships with , the future Supreme Court Justice, and with James and Annie Fields, his first professional mentors.


Yeazell, Henry James: A Collection of Critical Essays

Judith Woolf, Henry James: The Major Novels, Cambridge University Press, 1991.

The picture was included in the 1891 Christmas issue of a London weekly called Black and White. Since this particular issue of the magazine also contains a first publication of Henry James's story Sir Edmund Orme, Wolff concludes that the author could not have failed to see the illustration. As further evidence in support of his theory, Wolff then proceeds to quote from James's letter to F.W.H. Myers (cited at the beginning of this essay) in which The Turn of the Screw is referred to as ". . . an inferior, a merely pictorial subject . . ." (TSNC p.131).


Henry James: Critical Assessments

Henry James was himself a respected literary critic. In a comment on our author's efforts in this field, the biographer Leon Edel, writing in his book entitled Henry James, says James believed ". . . that the artist is to be discovered in his work; but that the work must be created as an 'invulnerable granite' to the seeker" (EDEL p.38). It is with this natural guardedness in mind that one is inclined to view with some scepticism James's apparent willingness to disclose the inspirational source of The Turn of the Screw.

Henry James: A collection of critical essays – Leon Edel (ed), Prentice Hall, 1963

Read this Literature Essay and over 87, 000 other research documents. Henry James the Turn of the Screw. ClassicNote on Turn of the Screw Prologue Summary Friends.

Henry James A Collection Of Critical Essays

If we do in fact decide that the role of the archbishop in the evolution of this story has been exaggerated, a number of possible alternative inspirational sources are worthy of our consideration. Let us begin with the setting, an old house. It so happens that in September 1897, just as he was embarking upon his story, the author decided to withdraw from London and take on the twenty-one year lease of an old Georgian mansion called Lamb House in the idyllic little Sussex town of Rye. As Tony Tanner notes in his book Henry James: II, this must have been quite a challenge to him, perhaps even disturbing, for he had never before lived in a house of his own (TANN p. 47). It is understandable that he should wish to put the governess, the main character in his new story, in rather similar circumstances. Quite apart from their moving into old houses, however, James and his governess were further united in the sense that both were victims of an indifferent world; James yearned for the recognition of his readership and theatre audiences (EDEL p. 28), and the governess for the romantic recognition of her employer.

Henry james a collection of critical essays on king

Henry James (1843-1916) was one of the most important commentators on the cultural life of 19th-century Boston, Paris and London. This collection of 56 of his critical essays and reviews (reproduced